Heart attack is the leading cause of death in the United States. Although a heart attack (or cardiac arrest) may be preceded by the symptoms of heart disease, some victims of heart attack are symptomless until the day they have their first heart attack.
It’s remarkable that heart attacks are extremely common and they cause so much pain, yet most of them are preventable: read on to find out 5 lifestyle changes that can prevent nearly 80% of heart attacks.
Heart Attack Causes and Signs
According to Mayo clinic, a heart attack occurs when one or more of your coronary arteries become blocked. Over time, a coronary artery can narrow from the buildup of various substances, including cholesterol (atherosclerosis). This condition, known as coronary artery disease, causes most heart attacks.
Another cause of a heart attack is a spasm of a coronary artery that shuts down blood flow to part of the heart muscle. Use of tobacco and of illicit drugs, such as cocaine, can cause a life-threatening spasm. A heart attack can also occur due to a tear in the heart artery (spontaneous coronary artery dissection).
People generally know that a crushing chest pain or sudden shooting pain in the left arm may indicate a heart problem, but many do not know that there are other signs that could mean heart trouble, and I’ve written about them in my article about 10 signs of a heart attack never to ignore.
So what can be done to prevent heart disease and keep your heart healthy? Well, the good news is that 79-90% of heart attacks could be avoided with only five simple lifestyle changes.