Many people all over the world love dogs and they treat them as a family members. However, people should be extremely careful since they are the main carriers of a deadly disease called Leishmaniasis, also spelled leishmaniosis and it’s common in Syria and the Middle East. Beside dogs, this diseases can be also transmitted from flies and ticks. It causes open wounds, bleeding from the nose, difficulty in breathing and swallowing.
Leishmaniasis may be divided into the following types:
- Cutaneous leishmanisasis which is the most common form. It causes an open sore at the bite sites, and it will heal after a few months but in more severe cases even after a year and a half and it leaves an unpleasent-looking scar. Diffuse cutaneous leishmaniasis produces widespread skin lesions which resemble leprosy, and may not heal on its own.
- Mucocutenoues leishmaniasis causes both skin and mucosal ulcers with damage primarly of the nose and mouth.
- Visceral leishmaniasis – the most serious form and if not ptoperly treated, can be even fatal. There are some other consequences that can occur a few months to years after infection, such as anemia, damage to the spleen and liver, fever.
As we previously mentioned, the main carriers are dogs, and it is possbile to transfer the flies and other insects that live on them. Due to the current circulations of migrants from Syria and the Middle East, the threat is especially high and the symptoms of this deadly disease can occur a few months to years after the initial infection.
The main route of transmission is from dogst to humans. However, it cannot be transmitted from human to human. It can only happen theoretically through blood transfusion. Stray dogs are the greatest risk factors. This disease can be treated, but the treatment is long and difficult.
In addition to Syria, the disease has spread to Turkey, Jordan and Lebanon. In Turkey an increased number of patients was recorded, recently.
- This disease can be partly prevented by using nets treated with insecticide while sleeping. Check out the recipe for a natural insecticide here.
- Avoiding stray dog