Gum recession occurs when the margin of the gum tissue around the teeth wears away, or pulls back. Because of this the tooth is more visible. Due to gum recession, “pockets” or gaps are formed between teeth which becomes suitable ground for bacteria to build up. Because most of the tooth is visible, it becomes sensitive and painful. Also the bone structure and the supporting tissue can be damaged which often results in tooth loss.
Although this is a common problem, people do not notice it. This is due to the fact that this process is quite slow and develops gradually. So check you gums if you notice that your teeth are sensitive. That is the first sign. Another warning sign is the tooth’s size. If it is larger than before then you must start with proper treatment as you have receding gums. Other symptoms are:
- Tooth pain/ache
- Tooth sensitivity
- Larger tooth than before
What causes receding gums?!
It can be caused by a gum disease but there are other reasons as well:
- Periodontal diseases – bacterial infection of the gums. It can damage the supporting bone of the tooth as well as other problems.
- Lack of oral hygiene- If you don’t wash your teeth regularly, plague can be deposited on the teeth. Calculus will be formed which is a hard substance that causes gum recession.
- Aggressive brushing– If you brush your teeth aggressively then the enamel on your teeth will be damaged and this will cause receding gums.
- You can blame the genes. In this case you don’t have a choice.
- Hormone imbalance can cause receding gums. This is a big problem especially in women. Hormonal imbalance leads to more sensitive gums.
- Smoking -Smoking is linked with many other diseases as lung disease and cancer, but it can also cause receding gums. Smokers can get sticky plague on their teeth more easily which causes receding gums.
- Clenching and grinding your teeth can cause receding gums. If you bite the food with more force while you eat, may also cause the same problem.
- This is a strange reason, but piercing your tongue or lips can be linked with receding gums.